How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Matplotlib is a popular data visualization library in Python that allows users to create a wide range of plots, such as line plots, bar plots, scatter plots, and more. One common customization in Matplotlib is setting the axis limits, which can help focus on specific data ranges or improve the overall appearance of the plot. In this article, we will explore various ways to set axis limits in Matplotlib with detailed examples.

Setting Axis Limits for Line Plots

Example 1: Setting Axis Limits for x-axis

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [2, 3, 5, 7, 11]

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.xlim(0, 6)  # Set x-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Example 2: Setting Axis Limits for y-axis

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [2, 3, 5, 7, 11]

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.ylim(0, 12)  # Set y-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Example 3: Setting Both x-axis and y-axis Limits

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [2, 3, 5, 7, 11]

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.axis([0, 6, 0, 12])  # Set both x and y-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Setting Axis Limits for Other Plot Types

Example 4: Setting Axis Limits for Bar Plots

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E']
y = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]

plt.bar(x, y)
plt.xlim(-1, 5)  # Set x-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Example 5: Setting Axis Limits for Scatter Plots

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [10, 8, 6, 4, 2]
sizes = [100, 200, 300, 400, 500]

plt.scatter(x, y, s=sizes)
plt.ylim(0, 12)  # Set y-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Setting Axis Limits for Subplots

Example 6: Setting Axis Limits for Subplots

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig, axs = plt.subplots(2)

x1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y1 = [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]
x2 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y2 = [10, 8, 6, 4, 2]

axs[0].plot(x1, y1)
axs[0].set_xlim(0, 6)  # Set x-axis limits for first subplot
axs[1].plot(x2, y2)
axs[1].set_xlim(0, 6)  # Set x-axis limits for second subplot
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Manually Setting Axis Limits

Example 7: Manually Setting Axis Limits

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [10, 8, 6, 4, 2]

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.axis([0, 6, 0, 12])  # Manually set both x and y-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Example 8: Setting Equal Axis Limits

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [10, 8, 6, 4, 2]

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.axis('equal')  # Set equal x and y-axis limits
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Setting Axis Limits Using Data Ranges

Example 9: Setting Axis Limits Using Data Ranges

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = np.linspace(0, 10, 100)
y = np.sin(x)

plt.plot(x, y)
plt.xlim(np.min(x), np.max(x))  # Set x-axis limits using data ranges
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Example 10: Setting Axis Limits Based on Data Statistics

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

data = np.random.normal(0, 1, 1000)

plt.hist(data, bins=30)
plt.xlim(np.min(data), np.max(data))  # Set x-axis limits based on data statistics
plt.show()

Output:

How to Set Axis Limits in Matplotlib

Conclusion

In this article, we have explored various ways to set axis limits in Matplotlib for different types of plots. By customizing the axis limits, users can focus on specific data ranges, improve the appearance of their plots, and enhance the overall data visualization experience. Experiment with the provided examples to master the art of setting axis limits in Matplotlib for your own data visualization projects.

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